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The Corine Land Cover datasets CLC2000, CLC2006and CLC change 2000-2006areproduced within the frame of the GMES land monitoringproject.Corine Land Cover (CLC) provides consistent information on land cover and land cover changes across Europe. This inventory was initiated in 1985 (reference year 1990) and established a time series of land cover information with updates in 2000 and 2006.CLC products are based on photointerpretation of satellite images by national teams of participating countries - the EEA member and cooperating countries – following a standard methodology and nomenclature with the following base parameters: 44 classes in the hierarchical three level Corine nomenclature; minimum mapping unit (MMU) for status layers is 25 hectares; minimum width of linear elements is 100 metres; minimum mapping unit (MMU) for Land Cover Changes (LCC) for the change layers is 5 hectares. The resulting national land cover inventories are further integrated into a seamless land cover map of Europe.Land cover and land use (LCLU) information is important not only for land change research, but also more broadly for the monitoring of environmental change, policy support, the creation of environmental indicators and reporting. CLC datasets provide important datasets supporting the implementation of key priority areas of the Environment Action Programmes of the European Union as protecting ecosystems, halting the loss of biological diversity, tracking the impacts of climate change, assessing developments in agriculture and implementing the EU Water Framework Directive, among others.More about the Corine Land Cover (CLC) and Copernicus land monitoring data in general can be found at http://land.copernicus.eu/.
The high resolution imperviousness products capture the percentage and change of soil sealing. Built-up areas are characterized by the substitution of the original (semi-) natural land cover or water surface with an artificial, often impervious cover. These artificial surfaces are usually maintained over long periods of time. A series of high resolution imperviousness datasets (for the 2006, 2009, 2012 and 2015 reference years) with all artificially sealed areas was produced using automatic derivation based on calibrated Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). This series of imperviousness layers constitutes the main status layers. They are per-pixel estimates of impermeable cover of soil (soil sealing) and are mapped as the degree of imperviousness (0-100%). Imperviousness change layers were produced as a difference between the reference years (2006-2009, 2009-2012, 2012-2015 and additionally 2006-2012, to fully match the CORINE Land Cover production cycle) and are presented 1) as degree of imperviousness change (-100% -- +100%), in 20m and 100m pixel size, and 2) a classified (categorical) 20m change product. The production of the High Resolution Imperviousness products was coordinated by the European Environment Agency in the frame of the EU Copernicus programme. A verification of the Imperviousness layer was performed by the National Land Survey of Iceland during autumn of 2018 and the data and resulting report are made available on the NLSI websites.
The European Urban Atlas provides reliable, inter-comparable, high-resolution land use and land cover data for 800 Functional Urban Area (FUA) for the 2012 reference year in EEA39 countries. The spatial data can be downloaded together with a map for each FUA covered and a report with the metadata for the respective area. Additional information (product description, mapping guidance and class description) can be found here: https://land.copernicus.eu/user-corner/technical-library/urban-atlas-2012-mapping-guide-new Commission Directorate-General for Regional and Urban Policy and the Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry in the frame of the EU Copernicus programme, with the support of the European Space Agency and the European Environment Agency.
This dataset is the definitive set of locality boundaries for the state of Victoria as defined by Local Government and registered by the Registrar of Geographic Names. The boundaries are aligned to Vicmap Property. This dataset is part of the Vicmap Admin dataset series.
Major hydrological basins and their sub-basins. This dataset divides the African continent according to its hydrological characteristics. The dataset consists of the following information:- numerical code and name of the major basin (MAJ_BAS and MAJ_NAME); - area of the major basin in square km (MAJ_AREA); - numerical code and name of the sub-basin (SUB_BAS and SUB_NAME); - area of the sub-basin in square km (SUB_AREA); - numerical code of the sub-basin towards which the sub-basin flows (TO_SUBBAS) (the codes -888 and -999 have been assigned respectively to internal sub-basins and to sub-basins draining into the sea)
Nú hafa Landmælingar Íslands útbúið vefkort með því að staðsetja og klippa saman hin svokölluðu Herforingjaráðskort. Eftirfarandi lýsing á Herforingjaráðskortum er tekin af vef Landsbókasafns: Á síðasta áratug 19. aldar varð dönskum yfirvöldum ljóst að þau kort sem til voru af Íslandi stæðust ekki þær kröfur sem gera þyrfti í samfélagi þess tíma. Bestu kort af Íslandi sem buðust voru í stórum dráttum byggð á strandmælingum danska sjóhersins sem fram fóru á árunum 1801-1818 annars vegar og hins vegar á kortum Björns Gunnlaugssonar sem byggð voru á fyrrnefndum strandmælingum og eigin mælingum Björns á árunum 1831-1843. Á fjárlögum 1899 voru veittar 5000 krónur og skyldi hefja nýjar þríhyrninga- og strandmælingar á Reykjanesi. Árið 1900 var gefin út í Danmörku tilskipun um að sendur skyldi leiðangur til Íslands til að mæla hér grunnlínu og hnattstöðu. Síðan var ætlunin að mæla þríhyrninganet út frá nýju grunnlínunni. Hingað voru sendir danskir liðsforingjar og sumarið 1900 var unnin ýmis undirbúningsvinna. Árið 1902 höfðu fjárveitingar verið auknar svo að rétt þótti að hefjast handa. Byrjað var á Hornafirði og mælt vestur ströndina og um lágsveitir Suðurlands en uppsveitum og hálendi frestað. Verkinu var svo haldið áfram tvö næstu árin en féll niður 1905 vegna fjárskorts og annarra anna hjá Landmælingadeild danska herforingjaráðsins (Generalstabens topografiske Afdeling) er tókst verkið á hendur. Eftir eins árs bið var þráðurinn tekinn upp að nýju enda bættist nú við fjárstyrkur úr ríkissjóði Dana. Á árunum 1906-1914 var unnið öll sumur, nema 1909, þegar ekkert var aðhafst. Var þá lokið byggðamælingum sunnanlands og mælt um Vesturland, norður og austur um Húnaflóa. Árangurinn var 117 kortblöð af þriðjungi landsins, suður- og vesturhluta, í mælikvarða 1:50.000 (auk nokkurra sérkorta af afmörkuðum svæðum). Þau eru gjarnan nefnd herforingjaráðskortin í höfuðið á þeim sem stóðu fyrir gerð þeirra.
ELF Geographical Names (GN) Iceland is one of 12 themes in the European Location Project (ELF). The purpose of ELF is to create harmonised cross-border, cross-theme and cross-resolution pan-European reference data from national contributions. The goal is to provide INSPIRE-compliant data for Europe. A description of the ELF (European Location Project) is here: http://www.elfproject.eu/content/overview Encoding: INSPIRE version 4
Land Cover (LC) is one of 12 themes in the European Location Project (ELF). The purpose of ELF is to create harmonised cross-border, cross-theme, and cross-resolution pan-European reference data from national contributions. The goal is to provide INSPIRE-compliant data for Europe. A description of ELF (European Location Project) is here: http://www.elfproject.eu/content/overview. Encoding: INSPIRE version 4
ELF Transport Networks (TN) Iceland is one of 12 themes in the European Location Project (ELF). The purpose of ELF is to create harmonised cross-border, cross-theme and cross-resolution pan-European reference data from national contributions. The goal is to provide INSPIRE-compliant data for Europe. A description of the ELF (European Location Project) is here: http://www.elfproject.eu/content/overview. The transport layer contains both line and polygons. The linelayer shows the transport network but the polygon layer contains the airports. Encoding: INSPIRE version 4
OR_fraveita er byggt upp af línum (lögnum), punktum (búnaði) og flákum (settjörnum).