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EN: Boundary of Icelandic River Basin Sub unit(s) as reported to WISE on 22.12.2018. A "Sub unit" is a defined area that includes one or more catchments. For international reporting purposes only one Sub unit is used (ID: IS100) which covers the same area as the Icelandic River Basin District. For national management and reporting purposes there are four Sub Units (ID's: IS101, IS102, IS103, IS104). For further description of dataset fields and field values see GML schema here: http://dd.eionet.europa.eu/schemas/WFD2016/GML_SubUnit_2016.xsd IS: Afmörkun íslenskra vatnasvæða miðað við skil inn í WISE upplýsingakerfið þann 22.12.2018. "Vatnasvæði" er landsvæði með einu eða fleiri vatnasviðum. Vegna skýrslugjafar til Evrópusambandsins er aðeins eitt vatnasvæði notað (ID:IS100) sem nær yfir sama svæði og Vatnaumdæmi Íslands. Vegna innlendrar stjórnunar og skýrslugjafar eru fjögur vatnasvæði notuð (IDs: IS101, IS102, IS103, IS104). Nánari lýsing á eigindum og gildum gagnasettsins má finna í GML skema hér: http://dd.eionet.europa.eu/schemas/WFD2016/GML_SubUnit_2016.xsd
The high resolution forest product consists of three types of (status) products and additional change products. The status products are available for the 2012 and 2015 reference years: 1. Tree cover density providing level of tree cover density in a range from 0-100% 2. Dominant leaf type providing information on the dominant leaf type: broadleaved or coniferous 3. A Forest type product. The forest type product allows to get as close as possible to the FAO forest definition. In its original (20m) resolution it consists of two products: 1) a dominant leaf type product that has a MMU of 0.5 ha, as well as a 30% tree cover density threshold applied, and 2) a support layer that maps, based on the dominant leaf type product, trees under agricultural use and in urban context (derived from CLC and high resolution imperviousness 2009 data). For the final 100m product trees under agricultural use and urban context from the support layer are removed. The high resolution forest change products comprise a simple tree cover density change product for 2012-2015 (% increase or decrease of real tree cover density changes). A verification of the Tree Cover Density layer was performed by the National Land Survey of Iceland during autumn of 2018 and the data and resulting report are made available on the NLSI websites.
Riparian zones represent transitional areas occurring between land and freshwater ecosystems, characterised by distinctive hydrology, soil and biotic conditions and strongly influenced by the stream water. They provide a wide range of riparian functions (e.g. chemical filtration, flood control, bank stabilization, aquatic life and riparian wildlife support, etc.) and ecosystem services. The Riparian Zones products will support the objectives of several European legal acts and policy initiatives, such as the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020, the Habitats and Birds Directives and the Water Framework Directive. Land Cover/Land Use (LC/LU) classification is tailored to the needs of biodiversity monitoring in a tailored buffer zone along large and medium-sized European rivers (with Strahler levels 3-8 derived from EU-Hydro). LC/LU is extracted from VHR satellite data and other available data in a buffer zone of selected rivers. The classes follow the pre-defined nomenclature on the basis of MAES typology of ecosystems (Level 1 to Level 4) and Corine Land Cover, providing 80 distinct thematic classes with a Minimum Mapping Unit (MMU) of 0.5 ha and a Minimum Mapping Width (MMW) of 10 m. The production of the Riparian Zones products was coordinated by the European Environment Agency in the frame of the EU Copernicus programme.
The Urban Atlas provides pan-European comparable land use and land cover data for Functional Urban Areas (FUA). The Street Tree Layer (STL) is a separate layer from the Urban Atlas 2012 LU/LC layer produced within the level 1 urban mask for each FUA. It includes contiguous rows or a patches of trees covering 500 m² or more and with a minimum width of 10 meter over "Artificial surfaces" (nomenclature class 1) inside FUA (i.e. rows of trees along the road network outside urban areas or forest adjacent to urban areas should not be included). Urban Atlas is a joint initiative of the European Commission Directorate-General for Regional and Urban Policy and the Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry in the frame of the EU Copernicus programme, with the support of the European Space Agency and the European Environment Agency.
The combined Water and Wetness product is a thematic product showing the occurrence of water and wet surfaces over the period from 2009 to 2015. Two products are available: o The main Water and Wetness (WAW) product with defined classes of (1) permanent water, (2) temporary water, (3) permanent wetness and (4) temporary wetness. o The additional expert product: Water & Wetness Probability Index (WWPI) The products show the occurrence of water and indicate the degree of wetness in a physical sense, assessed independently of the actual vegetation cover and are thus not limited to a specific land cover class and their relative frequencies. A verification of the Water and Wetness layer was performed by the National Land Survey of Iceland during autumn of 2018 and the data and resulting report are made available on the NLSI websites.
The high resolution imperviousness products capture the percentage and change of soil sealing. Built-up areas are characterized by the substitution of the original (semi-) natural land cover or water surface with an artificial, often impervious cover. These artificial surfaces are usually maintained over long periods of time. A series of high resolution imperviousness datasets (for the 2006, 2009, 2012 and 2015 reference years) with all artificially sealed areas was produced using automatic derivation based on calibrated Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). This series of imperviousness layers constitutes the main status layers. They are per-pixel estimates of impermeable cover of soil (soil sealing) and are mapped as the degree of imperviousness (0-100%). Imperviousness change layers were produced as a difference between the reference years (2006-2009, 2009-2012, 2012-2015 and additionally 2006-2012, to fully match the CORINE Land Cover production cycle) and are presented 1) as degree of imperviousness change (-100% -- +100%), in 20m and 100m pixel size, and 2) a classified (categorical) 20m change product. The production of the High Resolution Imperviousness products was coordinated by the European Environment Agency in the frame of the EU Copernicus programme. A verification of the Imperviousness layer was performed by the National Land Survey of Iceland during autumn of 2018 and the data and resulting report are made available on the NLSI websites.
Í markalaginu eru ýmis mörk lands og eru þetta allt flákalög og þau sýna eftirfarandi: skiptingu landsins eftir sveitarfélögum, skiptingu landsins eftir umdæmi sýslumanna, lögregluumdæmi og skiptingu landsins í dómstóla í héraði.
EN: Groundwaterbodies in Iceland as reported to WISE on 22.12.2018. "Groundwater" means all water which is below the surface of the ground in the saturation zone and in direct contact with the ground or subsoil. For further description of dataset fields and field valuessee GML schema here: http://dd.eionet.europa.eu/schemas/WFD2016/GML_GroundWaterBody_2016.xsd IS: Grunnvatnshlot á Íslandi miðað við skil inn í WISE upplýsingakerfið þann 22.12.2018. "Grunnvatn" merkir vatn, kalt eða heitt, sem er neðan jarðar í samfelldu lagi, kyrrstætt eða rennandi, og fyllir að jafnaði allt samtengt holrúm í viðkomandi jarðlagi. Nánari lýsing á eigindum og gildum gagnasettsins má finna í GML skema hér. Um er að ræða grunnvatnshlot sem notuð eru til að gefa upp ástand vatns á Íslandi. Nánari lýsing á eigindum og gildum gagnasettsins má finna í GML skema hér: http://dd.eionet.europa.eu/schemas/WFD2016/GML_GroundWaterBody_2016.xsd
Ræktunarsvæði er afmarkað svæði sjávar nægjanlega stórt til að rúma þann ræktunarbúnað sem notaður er á viðkomandi svæði. Yfirleitt er um að ræða línur sem strekktar eru á milli flot bauja eða sérstaka ræktunarfleka með lóðréttar ræktunarlínur fáeina metra niður undir yfirborð sjávar . Svæðið er merkt með löglegum sjómerkjum þannig að sjófarendur eiga að geta varast þau, enda einnig merkt inn sjókort Landhelgisgæslunnar. Einungis er ræktuð Bláskel (Kræklingur).
Boundaries of various areas within Vatnajökull National Park with special rules. 1. Esjufjöll, Jökulsárgljúfur, Skaftafell and Askja have special rules about camping restrictions, according to article 3, in regulation about Vatnajökull National Park, 300/2020. Coordinates are listed in table 2 in amendment IV in the regulation. 2. Hvannadalshnjúkur, Öræfajökull and Kverkfjöll have special limitations on, if and when motorized traffic is allowed. 3. Hunting sanctuary on and east of Snæfell 4. Traditional land use areas are listed in article 26 of regulation about Vatnajökull National Park, 300/2020. Disclaimer: If there is a difference between the data and the regulation text, then the regulation text applies.