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    The European Urban Atlas provides reliable, inter-comparable, high-resolution land use and land cover data for 800 Functional Urban Area (FUA) for the 2012 reference year in EEA39 countries. The spatial data can be downloaded together with a map for each FUA covered and a report with the metadata for the respective area. Additional information (product description, mapping guidance and class description) can be found here: https://land.copernicus.eu/user-corner/technical-library/urban-atlas-2012-mapping-guide-new Commission Directorate-General for Regional and Urban Policy and the Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry in the frame of the EU Copernicus programme, with the support of the European Space Agency and the European Environment Agency.

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    The Urban Atlas provides pan-European comparable land use and land cover data for Functional Urban Areas (FUA). The Street Tree Layer (STL) is a separate layer from the Urban Atlas 2012 LU/LC layer produced within the level 1 urban mask for each FUA. It includes contiguous rows or a patches of trees covering 500 m² or more and with a minimum width of 10 meter over "Artificial surfaces" (nomenclature class 1) inside FUA (i.e. rows of trees along the road network outside urban areas or forest adjacent to urban areas should not be included). Urban Atlas is a joint initiative of the European Commission Directorate-General for Regional and Urban Policy and the Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry in the frame of the EU Copernicus programme, with the support of the European Space Agency and the European Environment Agency.

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    Kjördæmi eru afmörkuð landsvæði sem mynda einn af grunnþáttum kosningakerfisins. Framboðslistar eru lagðir fram fyrir hvert og eitt kjördæmi þannig að kjósendur í sama kjördæminu geta valið á milli sömu framboðslistanna og kjörnir fulltrúar hljóta þar umboð sitt til þingsetu. Kjördæmaskipulagið og fjöldi kjósenda í hverju þeirra liggur til grundvallar þegar þingsætum er úthlutað eftir þingkosningar. Þar sem kjördæmaskipulagið er ráðandi fyrir vægi atkvæða kjósenda hefur það mikil áhrif á það hvaða frambjóðendur fá sæti á þingi að loknum kosningum. Kjördæmaskipulagið er því meðal þess sem oft hefur orðið að deiluefni. Þegar gerðar voru á því verulegar breytingar kostuðu þær jafnan pólitísk átök og allar hafa þær þýtt málamiðlanir milli ólíkra sjónarmiða. Tekið af vef Alþingis: https://www.althingi.is/thingmenn/althingiskosningar/kosningar-og-kosningaurslit/kjordaemaskipulagid/

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    This data includes all defined hiking trails within Vatnajökull National Park, and selected trails near the park. The trails are drawn from hiking maps that the park has published since it was founded in 2008. The maps have been updated regularly since, last update was in 2019, (Snæfell area and a large part of the western region). These hiking maps can be viewed by selecting “Hiking map, click on frame” in the Vatnajökull National Park Mapview, (see link below).

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    EN: Boundary of Icelandic River Basin Sub unit(s) as reported to WISE on 22.12.2018. A "Sub unit" is a defined area that includes one or more catchments. For international reporting purposes only one Sub unit is used (ID: IS100) which covers the same area as the Icelandic River Basin District. For national management and reporting purposes there are four Sub Units (ID's: IS101, IS102, IS103, IS104). For further description of dataset fields and field values see GML schema here: http://dd.eionet.europa.eu/schemas/WFD2016/GML_SubUnit_2016.xsd IS: Afmörkun íslenskra vatnasvæða miðað við skil inn í WISE upplýsingakerfið þann 22.12.2018. "Vatnasvæði" er landsvæði með einu eða fleiri vatnasviðum. Vegna skýrslugjafar til Evrópusambandsins er aðeins eitt vatnasvæði notað (ID:IS100) sem nær yfir sama svæði og Vatnaumdæmi Íslands. Vegna innlendrar stjórnunar og skýrslugjafar eru fjögur vatnasvæði notuð (IDs: IS101, IS102, IS103, IS104). Nánari lýsing á eigindum og gildum gagnasettsins má finna í GML skema hér: http://dd.eionet.europa.eu/schemas/WFD2016/GML_SubUnit_2016.xsd

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    Línurnar sýna friðunarsvæði, þar sem eldi laxfiska (fam. salmonidae) í sjókvíum er óheimilt skv. auglýsingu nr. 460/2004.

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    Riparian zones represent transitional areas occurring between land and freshwater ecosystems, characterised by distinctive hydrology, soil and biotic conditions and strongly influenced by the stream water. They provide a wide range of riparian functions (e.g. chemical filtration, flood control, bank stabilization, aquatic life and riparian wildlife support, etc.) and ecosystem services. The Riparian Zones products will support the objectives of several European legal acts and policy initiatives, such as the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020, the Habitats and Birds Directives and the Water Framework Directive. Land Cover/Land Use (LC/LU) classification is tailored to the needs of biodiversity monitoring in a tailored buffer zone along large and medium-sized European rivers (with Strahler levels 3-8 derived from EU-Hydro). LC/LU is extracted from VHR satellite data and other available data in a buffer zone of selected rivers. The classes follow the pre-defined nomenclature on the basis of MAES typology of ecosystems (Level 1 to Level 4) and Corine Land Cover, providing 80 distinct thematic classes with a Minimum Mapping Unit (MMU) of 0.5 ha and a Minimum Mapping Width (MMW) of 10 m. The production of the Riparian Zones products was coordinated by the European Environment Agency in the frame of the EU Copernicus programme.

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    Riparian zones represent transitional areas occurring between land and freshwater ecosystems, characterised by distinctive hydrology, soil and biotic conditions and strongly influenced by the stream water. They provide a wide range of riparian functions (e.g. chemical filtration, flood control, bank stabilization, aquatic life and riparian wildlife support, etc.) and ecosystem services. The Riparian Zones products support the objectives of several European legal acts and policy initiatives, such as the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020, the Habitats and Birds Directives and the Water Framework Directive. Green Linear Elements (GLE) are ecologically significant, structural landscape elements which act as important dispersion vectors of biodiversity. GLEs comprise hedgerows and lines of trees and offer a wide range of ecosystem services: they are linked to both landscape richness and fragmentation of habitats, with a direct potential for restoration, and contribute also to hazard protection. Green linear elements form part of the Green Infrastructure and are specifically addressed in the EU Biodiversity Strategy 2020. The GLE product provides reliable and detailed geospatial information on the occurrence and spatial distribution of: Small linear vegetation features such as hedgerows, scrub and tree rows with a minimum length of 100m and a width of up to 10m; Isolated patches of trees and scrub with a size between 500 m² and 0.5 ha. Green linear elements including trees and hedgerows with 100m minimum length and 500 m² Minimum Mapping Unit (MMU)

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    EuroBoundaryMap is a seamless geo-database at the scale 1:100 000 covering 55 countries. It contains geometry, names and codes of administrative and statistical units continuously updated by the members of EuroGeographics, the national mapping and cadastral authorities (NMCAs) of Europe. Updated annually. Datasets in EBM: The EBM dataset was derived from the Icelandic National Database IS 50V, which is at the scale 1: 50.000. The generalization has been applied in form of smooth polygon and simplify polygon that ensured the required resolution of the data for the EBM 1: 100 000 scale.The topological relations of the line and area features were ensured. Administrative Units includes: AdministrativeBoundary a line layer containing the demarcations outlining administrative units. AdministrativeUnit_1 a polygon layer containing the national administrative hierarchy, Level 1 (republic). AdministrativeUnit_2 a polygon layer containing the national administrative hierarchy, Level 2 (municipalities). Residence of Authority a point layer containing the administrative centres of all administrative levels. BasicGeometry includes: EBM_A a polygon layer containing administrative areas. Here are the basic components on which administrative units of all hierarchical levels, as well as all statistical layers, are composed. EBM_P a point layer meant for labelling purposes. Label points are located within the main area of the administrative units on lowest level. StatisticalUnits includes: LAU a polygon layer = Local Administrative Unit. NUTS_1 a polygon layer = Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (whole country) NUTS_2 a polygon layer NUTS_3 a polygon layer = Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (capital area, rural areas) Tables in EBM: CountryCodes = all countries have unique country codes (icc). EBM_CHR = country codes of those countries where the language is used in alphabetical order delimited by #. EBM_coAdministered = Relationship between administrative unit and its co-administering administrative units on the same hierarchical level. A few countries have special areas with shared administrative units. EBM_ISN = designations of administrative hierarchical levels EBM_NAM = names of administrative units EBM_NUTS = Relationship between the SHN codes of administrative units on lowest national administrative level and corresponding statistical codes.

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    The high resolution forest product consists of three types of (status) products and additional change products. The status products are available for the 2012 and 2015 reference years: 1. Tree cover density providing level of tree cover density in a range from 0-100% 2. Dominant leaf type providing information on the dominant leaf type: broadleaved or coniferous 3. A Forest type product. The forest type product allows to get as close as possible to the FAO forest definition. In its original (20m) resolution it consists of two products: 1) a dominant leaf type product that has a MMU of 0.5 ha, as well as a 30% tree cover density threshold applied, and 2) a support layer that maps, based on the dominant leaf type product, trees under agricultural use and in urban context (derived from CLC and high resolution imperviousness 2009 data). For the final 100m product trees under agricultural use and urban context from the support layer are removed. The high resolution forest change products comprise a simple tree cover density change product for 2012-2015 (% increase or decrease of real tree cover density changes). A verification of the Dominant Leaf Type layer was performed by the National Land Survey of Iceland during autumn of 2018 and the data and resulting report are made available on the NLSI websites.