The combined Water and Wetness product is a thematic product showing the occurrence of water and wet surfaces over the period from 2009 to 2015. Two products are available: o The main Water and Wetness (WAW) product with defined classes of (1) permanent water, (2) temporary water, (3) permanent wetness and (4) temporary wetness. o The additional expert product: Water & Wetness Probability Index (WWPI) The products show the occurrence of water and indicate the degree of wetness in a physical sense, assessed independently of the actual vegetation cover and are thus not limited to a specific land cover class and their relative frequencies. A verification of the Water and Wetness layer was performed by the National Land Survey of Iceland during autumn of 2018 and the data and resulting report are made available on the NLSI websites.
The main high resolution grassland product is the Grassland layer, a grassland/non-grassland mask for the EEA39 area. This grassy and non-woody vegetation baseline product includes all kinds of grasslands: managed grassland, semi-natural grassland and natural grassy vegetation. It is a binary status layer mapping grassland and all non-grassland areas in 20m and (aggregated) 100m pixel size. Two additional (expert) products complete the high resolution grassland product: the Ploughing Indicator (PLOUGH) and the Grassland Vegetation Probability Index (GRAVPI). While the PLOUGH concentrates on historic land cover features with the aim to indicate ploughing activities in preceding years, the GRAVPI provides a measure of classification reliability. GRAVPI is a 20m pixel size product, mapping on a range of 1-100 the class probability. PLOUGH is a 20m pixel size additional product, mapping from 1-6 the number of years since the last indication of ploughing. A verification of the Grassland layer was performed by the National Land Survey of Iceland during autumn of 2018 and the data and resulting report are made available on the NLSI websites.
Land Cover (LC) is one of 12 themes in the European Location Project (ELF). The purpose of ELF is to create harmonised cross-border, cross-theme, and cross-resolution pan-European reference data from national contributions. The goal is to provide INSPIRE-compliant data for Europe. A description of ELF (European Location Project) is here: http://www.elfproject.eu/content/overview. Encoding: INSPIRE version 4
The high resolution imperviousness products capture the percentage and change of soil sealing. Built-up areas are characterized by the substitution of the original (semi-) natural land cover or water surface with an artificial, often impervious cover. These artificial surfaces are usually maintained over long periods of time. A series of high resolution imperviousness datasets (for the 2006, 2009, 2012 and 2015 reference years) with all artificially sealed areas was produced using automatic derivation based on calibrated Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). This series of imperviousness layers constitutes the main status layers. They are per-pixel estimates of impermeable cover of soil (soil sealing) and are mapped as the degree of imperviousness (0-100%). Imperviousness change layers were produced as a difference between the reference years (2006-2009, 2009-2012, 2012-2015 and additionally 2006-2012, to fully match the CORINE Land Cover production cycle) and are presented 1) as degree of imperviousness change (-100% -- +100%), in 20m and 100m pixel size, and 2) a classified (categorical) 20m change product. The production of the High Resolution Imperviousness products was coordinated by the European Environment Agency in the frame of the EU Copernicus programme. A verification of the Imperviousness layer was performed by the National Land Survey of Iceland during autumn of 2018 and the data and resulting report are made available on the NLSI websites.
Landmælingar Íslands hafa unnið nýtt landhæðarlíkan af Íslandi. Um uppfærslu á eldra líkani er að ræða þar sem nýleg gögn af ólíkum uppruna þekja um 39.100 km2 eða um 38% landsins. Stærsta samfellda uppfærslan nær frá Suðurlandi til norðausturs, austur fyrir Egilsstaðir.Hæðarlíkanið hefur 10 x 10 m myndeiningar. Helsu nýleg gögn eru (sjá staðsetningu á meðfylgjandi smámynd hér fyrir neðan): 1) IPY-Lidargögn fyrir jökla landsins frá árunum 2007-2012, 15144 km2, LE90: 2,65 m. 2) Gögn úr 5-m-hæðarlínum, 10736 km2, LE90: 3,9 m. 3) Emisar radargögn, 4536 km2, LE90: 3,2 m. 4) Gögn úr 10-m-hæðarlínum, 2938 km2, LE90: 8,48 m, 5) SwedeSurvey photogrammetry gögn, 1433 km2, LE90: 2,60 m, 6) Gögn úr mælikvarða 1:25.000, 1152 km2, LE90: 3,8 m, 7) Bresk lidargögn (Dr. Susan Conway, Open University), 532 km2, LE90: 0,96-4,63 m. Líkaninu fylgir hæðarskygging, þ.e. upphleypt mynd af landinu en slíkar myndir eru gjarnan notaðar sem undirlag til að draga fram eða leggja áherslu á landslag. The National Land Survey of Iceland has made a new DTM of Iceland. The DTM is an upgrade of an earlier DTM where recent data, that vary in origin, cover 39.100 km2 or some 38% of the country. The DEM has pixel resolution of 10 x 10 m with. The main recent data are (see location on figure below): 1) IPY-lidar data for the glaciers of Iceland (surveyed in the years 2007 to 2012), 15144 km2, LE90: 2,65 m. 2) Data from 5-m-contour lines, 10736 km2, LE90: 3,9 m. 3) Emisar radar data, 4536 km2, LE90: 3,2 m. 4) Data from 10-m-contour lines, 2938 km2, LE90: 8,48 m, 5) SwedeSurvey photogrammetic data, 1433 km2, LE90: 2,60 m, 6) 1:25.000 contour data, 1152 km2, LE90: 3,8 m, 7) British lidar data (courtesy of Dr. Susan Conway, Open University), 532 km2, LE90: 0,96-4.63 m.The DTM is accompanied by a hillshade or a relief image of Iceland. Hillshade images are commonly used as a layer beneath maps or data to emphasize landscape.
Direct Access Download Service. Icelandic Buildings (Reykjavik) for ELF and INSPIRE.
Á síðustu árum hefur gögnum verið aflað fyrir nýtt landhæðarlíkan norðurhveli jarðar, norðan við 60°N, þar með talið af Íslandi. Almennt er það nefnt Arctic-landhæðaríkan (e. ArcticDEM) og er unnið af Bandaríkjamönnum. Vinnan fer fram við Polar Geospatial Center (PGC) sem er innan veggja Minnesota háskóla. Líkanið er unnið úr gervitunglamyndum og eru notuð myndpör (stereoscopic) frá gervitunglum á borð við WorldView-1, WorldView-2, WorldView-3 og GeoEye-1. Greinihæfni mynda frá þessum tunglum er á bilinu 31-46 cm. Með þessum gögnum er unnið landhæðaríkan þar sem minnstu reitir eru 2x2 m. Þetta þýðir að ef öllu Íslandi er deilt upp í 4 m2 reiti hefur hver slíkur eitt hæðargildi. Þær myndir sem notaðar eru til verkefnisins eru yfirleitt 2-3 ára en allt að 6-7 ára gamlar. Mjög öflugur hugbúnaður er notaður við verkið og hefur miklum gögnum þegar verið komið á framfæri en allir geta sótt gögnin á niðurhalssíðu PGC. Þótt gögnin teljist almennt góð er engu að síður þörf á að lagfæra eða leiðrétta agnúa sem í þeim finnast. Landmælingar Íslands hafa sótt gögnin og þar fer fram vinna við lagfæringar þeirra. Þetta sýnishorn af Herðubreið er dæmi um þá vinnu sem Landmælingar nú hafa með höndum. Gögnin innihalda landhæðarlíkan (2-m-greinihæfni), 2-m-hæðarlínur og hæðarskyggingu (hillshade). Umrædd hæðargögn fyrir Herðubreið byggjast einkum á WorldView-1 gervitunglamynd frá 16. júlí, 2012. Recently, elevation data has been acquired for a new elevation model for the Arctic, i.e. north of 60°N that includes Iceland. This model is referred to as the ArcticDEM and the project is carried out by the US. The work is conducted by the Polar Geospatial Center (PGC) at the University of Minnesota. The DEM is based on satellite imagery of stereo-pairs from satellites such as WorldView-1, WorldView-2, WorldView-3 and GeoEye-1 that have a resolution of 31-46 cm. The DEM product has a resolution of up to 2 m, which means that if the whole of Iceland was divided into 4 square meter areas, each such area would have an elevation value. The used imagery used is mostly between 2 and 3 years old, up 6 to 7 years old. Powerful software/hardware is used for this project and already immense amount of DEM data has been made available and can be downloaded from the Polar Geospatial Center. Although the data is generally of high quality there is, however, need to carry out considerable work to eliminate clear defects. The National Land Survey has acquired the data and presently work is conducted on gap filling, elevation cone removal and geoid corrections and the Herðubreið DEM is an example this work. The Herðubreið data set consists of a digital elevation model with 2 m resolution, 2 m contour line data set and a hillshade made from the model. The model is mainly based on a WorldView-1 satellite image obtained on July 16th 2012.
Pointdata for addresses in Iceland. Data derived from the Icelandic access address register for ELF.
The high resolution forest product consists of three types of (status) products and additional change products. The status products are available for the 2012 and 2015 reference years: 1. Tree cover density providing level of tree cover density in a range from 0-100% 2. Dominant leaf type providing information on the dominant leaf type: broadleaved or coniferous 3. A Forest type product. The forest type product allows to get as close as possible to the FAO forest definition. In its original (20m) resolution it consists of two products: 1) a dominant leaf type product that has a MMU of 0.5 ha, as well as a 30% tree cover density threshold applied, and 2) a support layer that maps, based on the dominant leaf type product, trees under agricultural use and in urban context (derived from CLC and high resolution imperviousness 2009 data). For the final 100m product trees under agricultural use and urban context from the support layer are removed. The high resolution forest change products comprise a simple tree cover density change product for 2012-2015 (% increase or decrease of real tree cover density changes). A verification of the Dominant Leaf Type layer was performed by the National Land Survey of Iceland during autumn of 2018 and the data and resulting report are made available on the NLSI websites.
Administrative Units (AU) is one of 12 themes in the European Location Project (ELF). The purpose of ELF is to create harmonised cross-border, cross-theme and cross-resolution pan-European reference data from national contributions. The goal is to provide INSPIRE compliant data for Europe. A description of the ELF (European Location Project) is here: http://www.elfproject.eu/content/overview Encoding: INSPIRE version 4