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    Þekja [layer] j100v_vesturgosbelti_berggrunnurNidurfoll_1utg_fl: Niðurföll í nútímahraunum. [Collapse pits in Holocene lavas.}

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    Samsettar og uppréttar sögulegar loftmyndir af Íslandi. Unnið er að því að staðsetja loftmyndir frá 1974 og 1994 – 2000 úr loftmyndasafni Landmælinga Íslands (https://gatt.lmi.is/geonetwork/srv/ice/catalog.search#/metadata/d2323e18-ab9f-495d-8a4e-58c2a5fb096e ). Myndirnar eru birtar jafnóðum og búið er að staðsetja þær en ætlunin er að staðsetja eldri myndir síðar. Svæði af myndum sem teknar voru í sama flugi og úr sömu flughæð eru sett saman. Upplausn myndanna er yfirleitt 50 cm. Búið er að vinna myndirnar með sjálfvirkum aðferðum. Ákveðnar staðsetningar eru valdar af gervitunglamyndum (https://gatt.lmi.is/geonetwork/srv/ice/catalog.search#/metadata/e542c260-6431-48a5-8065-93350b8cb3a1) og stilltar af á ÍslandsDEM landhæðalíkaninu (https://gatt.lmi.is/geonetwork/srv/ice/catalog.search#/metadata/e6712430-a63c-4ae5-9158-c89d16da6361 ). Gerð eru nákvæm landhæðalíkön úr sögulegu loftmyndunum þar sem hæðarnákvæmni er yfirleitt innan við 1 m. Líkönin eru síðan notuð til að staðsetja loftmyndirnar. Áætluð staðsetningarnákvæmni myndanna er minna en 2 m. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- This repository includes orthorectified and mosaicked historical aerial images from all over Iceland. The datasets are created from historical aerial images on film from the years 1974, 1994 - 2000 from the aerial photograph collection of the NLSI (https://gatt.lmi.is/geonetwork/srv/ice/catalog.search#/metadata/d2323e18-ab9f-495d-8a4e-58c2a5fb096e). Each mosaic is created from images taken on the same day at approximately the same height. The resolution of the mosaics is usually 50 cm. The historical photographs have been processed using automated methods of detection of points of interest (control points?) using the Maxar mosaic (https://gatt.lmi.is/geonetwork/srv/ice/catalog.search#/metadata/e542c260-6431-48a5-8065-93350b8cb3a1)) followed by a refined correction of the cameras using the IslandsDEM (https://gatt.lmi.is/geonetwork/srv/ice/catalog.search#/metadata/e6712430-a63c-4ae5-9158-c89d16da6361) as reference. For each block of historical photographs, an accurate Digital Elevation Model (DEM) is created (where the vertical accuracy is typically better than 1 m), which is used to orthorectify the aerial photographs. The estimated horizontal accuracy of the orthorectified aerial imagery is better than 2 meters.

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    Skoðunarþjónustur fyrir INSPIRE tilskipunina

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    Þann 16. mars 2011 gáfu Landmælingar Íslands út í fyrsta sinn sameiginlegt hæðarkerfi fyrir Ísland. Kerfið er kallað Landshæðarkerfi Íslands og er viðmiðunin ISH2004. Tilkoma sameiginlegs hæðarkerfis markaði stór tímamót í sögu landmælinga á Íslandi. Á sama hátt og viðmiðunin ISN93 skapaði grundvöll fyrir alla til að vinna í sama hnitakerfi mun ISH2004 skapa grundvöll fyrir alla til að vinna í sama hæðarkerfi. Eitt samræmt hæðarkerfi er mikilvægt fyrir ýmsar framkvæmdir s.s. vegagerð og jarðgangnagerð og á ýmsum sviðum umhverfisvöktunar, skipulags og áætlanagerðar. Auk þess munu gögnin nýtast við rannsóknir á jarðskorpuhreyfingum eða breytingum á yfirborði sjávar. Mælingar á Landshæðarkerfinu eru standa ennþá yfir og frá fyrstu útgáfu þess árið 2011 hafa bæst við eftirfarandi línur hallamælilínur. • Flókalundur-Bolungavík • Reykjavík-Keflavík • Endurmæling á Suðurlandi vegna jarðskjálftans 2008 • Hellisheiði • Reykjanesbraut-Grindavík • Þjóðvegur 1-Akranes • Kjölur Niðurstöður nýrra mælinga verður bætt inn í þetta gagnasett um leið og þær liggja fyrir.

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    Corine Land Cover (CLC) 2018 and CLC change 2012-2018 are two of the datasets produced within the frame of the Initial Operations of the Copernicus programme (the European Earth monitoring programme previously known as GMES) on land monitoring.Corine Land Cover (CLC) provides consistent information on land cover and land cover changes across Europe. This inventory was initiated in 1985 (reference year 1990) and established a time series of land cover information with updates in 2000, 2006. 2012 and now 2018. CLC products are based on photointerpretation of satellite images by national teams of participating countries - the EEA member and cooperating countries – following a standard methodology and nomenclature with the following base parameters: 44 classes in the hierarchical three level Corine nomenclature; minimum mapping unit (MMU) for status layers is 25 hectares; minimum width of linear elements is 100 metres; minimum mapping unit (MMU) for Land Cover Changes (LCC) for the change layers is 5 hectares. The resulting national land cover inventories are further integrated into a seamless land cover map of Europe. Land cover and land use (LCLU) information is important not only for land change research, but also more broadly for the monitoring of environmental change, policy support, the creation of environmental indicators and reporting. CLC datasets provide important datasets supporting the implementation of key priority areas of the Environment Action Programmes of the European Union as protecting ecosystems, halting the loss of biological diversity, tracking the impacts of climate change, assessing development in agriculture and implementing the EU Water Framework Directive, among others. More about the Corine Land Cover (CLC) and Copernicus land monitoring data in general can be found at http://land.copernicus.eu/

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    Niðurhalsþjónustur Alþingis

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    Vinsamlega hafið samband við Umhverfisstofnun vegna nánari upplýsinga.

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    Þekja sem sýnir halla lands í gráðum byggt á landlíkani Landmælinga Íslands (IslandsDEM útg. 1). Aðeins er sýndur halli á ákveðnu bili sem miðast við algengan upptakahalla snjóflóða. Litir og flokkun halla er ætluð til að hjálpa ferðafólki í fjalllendi að meta halla í brekkum með tilliti til upptakahalla snjóflóða. Þekjuna er hægt að birta sem myndkorta-flísar (XYZ, 512x512 pixlar) í Web-Mercator vörpun (EPSG:3857). Sniðmát fyrir slóðina á flísarnar eru: https://geo.vedur.is/geoserver/www/imo_slopemap_epsg3857_v1/{z}/{x}/{y}.png Skýringarmynd fyrir litakvarða er aðgengileg hér: https://geo.vedur.is/geoserver/www/imo_slopemap_epsg3857_v1/Legend_box_v1.png

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    The Corine Land Cover datasets CLC2000, CLC2006 and CLC change 2000-2006 areproduced within the frame of the GMES land monitoring project. Corine Land Cover (CLC) provides consistent information on land cover and land cover changes across Europe. This inventory was initiated in 1985 (reference year 1990) and established a time series of land cover information with updates in 2000 and 2006.CLC products are based on photointerpretation of satellite images by national teams of participating countries - the EEA member and cooperating countries – following a standard methodology and nomenclature with the following base parameters: 44 classes in the hierarchical three level Corine nomenclature; minimum mapping unit (MMU) for status layers is 25 hectares; minimum width of linear elements is 100 metres; minimum mapping unit (MMU) for Land Cover Changes (LCC) for the change layers is 5 hectares. The resulting national land cover inventories are further integrated into a seamless land cover map of Europe.Land cover and land use (LCLU) information is important not only for land change research, but also more broadly for the monitoring of environmental change, policy support, the creation of environmental indicators and reporting. CLC datasets provide important datasets supporting the implementation of key priority areas of the Environment Action Programmes of the European Union as protecting ecosystems, halting the loss of biological diversity, tracking the impacts of climate change, assessing developments in agriculture and implementing the EU Water Framework Directive, among others.More about the Corine Land Cover (CLC) and Copernicus land monitoring data in general can be found at http://land.copernicus.eu/.

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    The main high resolution grassland product is the Grassland layer, a grassland/non-grassland mask for the EEA39 area. This grassy and non-woody vegetation baseline product includes all kinds of grasslands: managed grassland, semi-natural grassland and natural grassy vegetation. It is a binary status layer mapping grassland and all non-grassland areas in 20m and (aggregated) 100m pixel size. Two additional (expert) products complete the high resolution grassland product: the Ploughing Indicator (PLOUGH) and the Grassland Vegetation Probability Index (GRAVPI). While the PLOUGH concentrates on historic land cover features with the aim to indicate ploughing activities in preceding years, the GRAVPI provides a measure of classification reliability. GRAVPI is a 20m pixel size product, mapping on a range of 1-100 the class probability. PLOUGH is a 20m pixel size additional product, mapping from 1-6 the number of years since the last indication of ploughing. A verification of the Grassland layer was performed by the National Land Survey of Iceland during autumn of 2018 and the data and resulting report are made available on the NLSI websites.